AI Case Study
Scientists at KTH Royal Institute of Technology are monitor wildfires in almost real time using machine learning
Professor Yifang Ban and his colleagues in the Department of Geoinformatics at KTH used machine learning with satellite data to monitor forest fires in Sweden. The system is able to provide information of imperative importance to the Swedish Civil Contingencies Agency (MSB), as well as firefighting units in near-real time to assess incidents as they emerge.
"Outbreaks of forest fires in recent weeks in Sweden have been monitored with a system developed by Professor Yifang Ban and colleagues in the Department of Geoinformatics at KTH.
Using satellite data and machine learning methods, Ban is applying a monitoring method for monitoring natural disasters in near real-time. In this way, the Swedish Civil Contingencies Agency (MSB), as well as firefighting units, can quickly get an overview of forest and grass fires in progress. And it can help monitoring the progression of a fire.
The same method has been applied to help monitor the deadly flooding in Mozambique.
The KTH researchers have developed their own methods that use both a short wave infrared (SWIR) index and a radar-based framework in order to effectively monitor forest fires. SWIR can "see" through smoke and is an effective way to detect active fires and the damage. However, SWIR data is affected by clouds. They also need radar that is capable of penetrating through clouds, smoke and imaging both day and night.
"With really good resolution—down to 10 meters—we can get updates of the status every two to three days. This is not as frequent as we wish, which can be remedied by lower resolution with data from VIIRS (375 meters) or MODIS (1,000 meters)," she says.
Ban says that today they use free data, which has limitations.
"If the MSB belonged to the organizations International Charter Space and Major Disasters and Global Monitoring for Environment and Security (GMES), this would provide access to high-resolution data daily in order to detect new fires, monitor existing ones and obtain information on the damage that occurred."
KTH researchers at the Department of Geoinformatics have collected data on recent fires in Sweden, which has been provided to MSB, which Ban reports has been appreciative for the information."
"Outbreaks of forest fires in recent weeks in Sweden have been monitored with a system developed by Professor Yifang Ban and colleagues in the Department of Geoinformatics at KTH."
"[April 2019] According to Swedish authorities, there is a high risk of forest and grass fires this week and some communities, such as Upplands Bro (northwest of Stockholm), have taken the step of banning the traditional bonfires that neighborhoods organize to celebrate Walpurgis Night (or Valborg)."